Small Gold Medallion with Pendants
This medallion (0.04 m. in diameter) likewise consists of a solidus of Justinian I, set in a gold frame similar to those of nos. 5 and 6. The weight is 27.2 grammes.
The type of the coin seems identical with that of no. 5 (Fig. 33), but the reverse legend is partly blurred by solder. The letters of the obverse were apparently struck twice, but the misplacing of the die affected only the beginning of the legend.
Emmanuel, which being interpreted is, God with us.’ Moreover, while the spacing at the beginning of the inscription is generous, toward the end the letters are cramped and smaller. It is probable, therefore, that the letters of the inscription on this medallion, as on the other two (nos. 5 and 6), were chiselled by free hand one by one, and so were not made from a single die. The same inscription appears also on the well-known ampullae from Monza.
Soldered to the lower edge of the medallion frame are three rings, each having at its base a small threepetal ornament, with pellet centre (Figs. 35 and 37). From these rings hang fine double-looped chains (about0.08 m. long, Fig. 38), terminating in pearls, the terminal pearl of the middle pendant being larger than the other two. Above the pearls are small cylindrical settings on a conical base, with a small, pearl-shaped globule above and below (Fig. 39) ; the cylindrical bases now contain only traces of paste. The complete length of the outer pendants is 0.1 1 m., of the middle one, o.io m.
The pendants with their settings are quite similar to those on the necklace numbered 13. An enlargement of both obverse and reverse of this medallion is seen in Plate XXIII.
The Three Medallions Together
On the sides of each medallion are rings, with a pellet at the base of each, on both obverse and reverse ; by means of these rings the medallions were joined together with hinge pins (Fig. 40). The presence of green oxydization, which is very marked, within and about the rings, suggest that the hinge pins may have been not gold, but bronze ; in all the other objects in this collection, however, gold hinge pins were used, and it is difficult to believe that, when the medallions were made, any other material than gold was employed for the pins also. The three medallions were originally arranged as shown in Plate XXIV.
Two rings have been wrenched from the left side of no. 5, but the visible evidence of their former existence, and the three rings on the right side of no. 6, make it certain that originally there were in the complete chain at least two more medallions ; possibly there were several more.
In the Morgan loan collection at the Metropolitan Museum in New York are two parts of what was perhaps originally a single girdle (Plate XXV). It consists of four large gold medallions (cast, not struck) of Mauricius Tiberius (582-602 a.d.) and twelve solidi of the same emperor, of Theodosius II (408-450), and of Justinus and Justinian (527). Each is enclosed by a frame edged with beads and provided with hinges, like those of the earrings numbered 18-21, on both sides ; the girdle, therefore, as it exists, is not complete. In style and composition this girdle reminds one strongly of certain pieces of the treasure, and particularly of the medal- Hons numbered 5, 6, 7, although it is inferior to them artistically. The girdle was found with other objects (among them the objects shown in Plate XXXIV and Fig. 52) in the vicinity of Kyrenia, in Cyprus, in 1902.